The Events and People that changed history. Inventors shape the world we live in with their scientific discoveries and technological innovations.
Human Accomplishment: The Pursuit of Excellence in the Arts and Sciences, 800 B.C. to 1950 is a 2003 book by Charles Murray, most widely known as the co-author of The Bell Curve (1994). Surveying outstanding contributions to the arts and sciences from ancient times to the mid-twentieth century, Murray attempts to quantify and explain human accomplishment worldwide in the fields of arts and sciences by calculating the amount of space allocated to them in reference works, an area of research sometimes referred to as historiometry.
Murray's book argued that "Streams of accomplishment are fostered by political regimes that give de facto freedom of action to their potential artists and scholars". This means freedom of expression and innovation. It does not necessarily mean democracy although totalitarianism suppressed innovation. War and civil unrest did not affect innovation.
When we look back in history, the first invention that changed the future of mankind was the invention of the wheel. Whether its travel or the transportation of goods, the invention of wheels made it much easier than ever before.Wheels were not only used on vehicles in prehistoric times; they were also used in pulley systems. Surprisingly though, the application of wheels was not primarily used on carts or carriages.Evidence suggests that they were first used as potter’s wheel in 3500 B.C.
The sophisticated human life would not have been possible without the invention of a small nail. They provide one of the best clues in determining the age of historic buildings.Prior to the invention of nails, wood structures were built by geometrically interlocking adjacent boards. The invention of nails goes back to several thousand years and was possible only after the development of casting and shaping a metal.
The Gutenberg printing press - invented in the 1440s by Johannes Gutenberg, a goldsmith from Mainz in Germany - is widely considered to be one of humanity's defining inventions.
Created for spiritual and navigational purposes, the earliest compasses were most likely invented by the Chinese in around 1050 BC. It was made of lodestones, which is a naturally magnetized iron ore. The invention of the electromagnet in 1825 led to the development of the modern compass. The invention of the compass certainly helped modern navigation more than our GPS-needing culture could understand.Although the foundation to the modern car year was laid in 1886 by German inventor Karl Benz, Cars did not become widely available until the early 20th century. Henry Ford innovated mass-production techniques that became standard, with Ford, General Motors, and Chrysler. However, he certainly wasn't the only person to develop the horseless carriage.
Thomas Savery patented the first practical steam engine in 1698. It was one of the greatest inventions made by a man making him one of the people who has changed the world. Later in 1781, James Watt patented an improved steam engine and went on to fuel one of the most momentous technological leaps in human history during the Industrial Revolution.During the 1800s these engines lead to an improvement in transportation, agriculture, and manufacturing industries.
Later, the steam engine’s basic principle set the stage for innovations like internal combustion engines and jet turbines, which prompted the rise of cars and aircraft during the 20th century.
The energy we use today at home and office is a bright idea from more than 150 years ago.Pioneered in the early 19th century by Humphry Davy, electric lights developed throughout the 1800s and was one of the most influential, great inventions of all times.Edison and Swan patented the first light bulb in 1879 and 1880. In the mid-1980s, CFLs hit the market. But the drawbacks such as high cost, bulky, low light output, and inconsistent performance made them less prominent. That would all change with the Serbian Nicola Tesla. A fascinating 50 clock hour course.
Ufology is the study of reports, visual records, purported physical evidence, and other phenomena related to unidentified flying objects (UFO). UFO reports have been subject to various investigations over the years by governments, independent groups, and scientists. However, ufology as a field has not been embraced by academia and is considered a pseudoscience by the scientific community and is why is warrants objective study.
It may seem strange for a School of Medicine to post such a course, however, strange as it seems, the frank history of Ufology leads to the secrets of Nicola Tesla and his monumental understanding of 'aether,' which led to the electric generator that fundamentally ushered in our modern era.
In this course, we have reviewed years of documents, dozens of books, and present objective documentaries from leading experts. Otherwise we would not waste your time on what can already be found on the web. Yet in our usual PanAm style, we not only give the golden nuggets, but in this case the key that unlocks the sacred teachings.
25 clock hours.
LEGENDS OF THE LOST TEN TRIBES OF ISRAEL
Speculation over the location of the tribes has been in close dialogue with scientific, geographic knowledge, upon which tribe seekers—travelers and scholars alike—have drawn and to which in turn they have contributed. New geographic discoveries inspired new speculation and further accommodation. At least three royal houses—those of England, Scotland, and Japan—are said by some to be descendants of ten tribes royals. Some have come to believe that the ten tribes are the most distinguished race among humanity—“God’s covenant race.” Political claims regarding the ten tribes status of various groups have been made since the early modern period, attaching themselves to real and imagined peoples from, literally, A to Z. The Afghans (both Pashtuns and Phathans), Armenians, Berbers, Celts, Eskimos, Estonians, Finns, Ibos, Laps, Lembas, Mayans, Native North Americans, Scythians, Tartars, and Zulus, among many more, have been variously claimed as the descendants of the long-lost tribes. In earlier periods, such religious movements or groups as the ancient Christian Nestorians and the medieval Muslim Almohads were attached to the story of the ten tribes; their claims are replicated in modernity in the instance of the Mormons.20 In sum, in the words of one modern observer, “traces of the Tribes are popping up all over!”
The conclusions of this study on the Lost Ten Tribes many consider radical. Examining biblical, historical, circumstantial and archaeological evidence, this course shows that the Jewish People and many "Gentiles" of the West are common people - effectively Israelites of the Bible. The Bible speaks mainly about the Hebrew Nation, Jesus was a Jew, and ancient Israelites are proven to have migrated to the west with their children and formed eventually the nations of Britian, France, Holland, Belgium, Finland, Switzerland, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, the Americas, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. Even also individual Israelite tribes are specifically identifiable as historical groups, such as Angles, Jutes, Franks (Merovingians), etc. who settle in historical areas. It will be demonstrated how from the Tribes of Joseph (Ephraim and Menasseh) the present day English speaking nations were formed. It will also be demonstrated that tribes also appeared as far away as MesoAmerica, explaining how many archeological artifacts of the Taino nations contain Hebrew inscriptions.
Our study more than suggests that descendants from the ten lost tribes of Israel are being used by God to bring the good news and blessings to receptive nations. And all this via the church! Today’s church is largely ignorant of her Hebraic roots.
A study of the 12 tribes of Israel is essential if we are to understand today’s world scenario. For instance, the religious occupants of present-day Israel are essentially Jews (traditionally from the tribes of Judah and Benjamin), and prophecy says they will suffer great persecution in coming days. But where are the other 10 tribes? The Bible records that they were “scattered amongst the nations”, but where exactly? Have they served their purpose in history and are no longer important? Certainly many in the institutionalized church think so. On the other hand, the Bible claims these ‘lost’ tribes had, and still have, a very definite role in God’s plan for the world. It claims that towards the end of the age they will become “a multitude of nations” praising the God of Israel “from the ends of the earth”. Surely such a multitudinous people must be visible in the world?
This Course identifies this multitude and shows they are the hidden roots of the true Christian church. Descendants from the scattered 10 tribes of Israel could be amongst today’s Gentile congregations! Our study examines and suggests this scenario arose through a migration of the 10 tribes to western Europe and Scandinavia, with Christendom, the Merovingians (Templars), and Britain taking a prime role in God’s plan.
THE SPECTRUM OF ALTERNATIVE HISTORY
Prior to the take over by academia, historical research had been, for the most part, an unreliable affair, resting on highly tenuous foundations - based on legends and tradition, on personal memoirs, on religious beliefs, and on exaggerations promulgated for the sake of one or another cause. Only in the nineteenth century did German scholars begin introducing the rigorous, meticulous techniques that are now accepted as commonplace, the stockin-trade of any responsible historian. Such preoccupation with critical examination, with investigation of first-hand sources, with cross-references and exact chronology, which established the conventional stereotype of the Germanic pedant. But as German writers of the period tended to lose themselves in minutiae and detail, they also provided a solid basis for solid, modern inquiry. And for a number of major archaeological discoveries as well which naturally would step on religious toes.
That was until, of course, photographs became more commonplace and researchers like Charles Fort appeared on the scene. Although the academic world has given us many discoveries that make life more enjoyable in some respects, they are also largely responsible for the suppression of better things than those they have contributed. Few have ever dared to openly question the validity of the major concepts and supposed findings of conventional science. Fewer still have gone so far as to cast doubts upon the integrity of the scientific community. By far one of the most successful of them all, has been Charles Fort. There are literally, however, hundreds of others including such luminaries as Admiral Byrd, Nicola Tesla, and others.
Winston Churchill is claimed to have said "History is written by the victors." And the history of natural and human evolution as described by experts in the field of archeology has changed dramatically over the centuries. Since the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Nag Hammadi library, even more strain has occurred on biblical history. Now with a massive range of books freely available on the internet, virtually every aspect of history can be easily rewritten since we now have mountains of more data than any author prior ever could, right at our fingertips. The internet itself has rewritten history for those who wish to indulge.
In medieval Europe, when the Inquisition of the domineering Catholic church attacked all who disagreed with its interpretation of history, admitting to a belief in natural evolution would have first tortured to convert, or then burned at the stake for refusing. In modern times, a scientist or free-thinker promoting evidence that developed civilizations may have existed long before ancient Egypt or Sumeria will likely result in his or her career also going up in flames. This course introduces the student to an abundance of intriguing evidence from reliable sources on both forbidden archeology and suppressed history. What I predict has been become branded as a 'pseudoscientific', now is becoming a valid study of 'alternative history.' just as we suffered beginning in the 80's as practicing 'alternative medicine.'
50+ clock hours of study.
Legends of the Monastic Orders
The General Character and Influence of Monastic Art Ugliness and Sameness of the Representations. Historical and Moral Importance of the Monastic Subjects, generally and individually. The concept of withdrawal from society is essential to the Christian tradition of monasticism, a term that derives from the Greek word monachos , which means a solitary person.
History of the Taino Indians
The Taino people came from South America, where they had been hunters and farmers. Some 2,000 years ago, they paddled out into the sea in dugout canoes and discovered the small mountainous islands of the Caribbean, far different from the jungles they left behind. With little food to be found on land, they hunted the sea for manatees and tuna, conch and sea snails. Isolated from enemies, they became peaceful and spiritual people. The first to greet Columbus, they stood no chance against slavery, torture, and disease.
Thus, the first 'native americans' discovered, and the one's originally called 'Indians' (West Indians) were the Tainos (Arawaks), those still ignored by the American government. Once branded 'extinct,' was disproven by a genetic survey of Puerto Rican people, finding most contained Taino DNA. Today, the people of Boriqua, Puerto Ricans (Spanish: Puertorriqueños; or boricuas), are the people of Puerto Rico, the original inhabitants, and citizens of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (a United States territory), and their descendants. Puerto Rico is also home to people of many different national origins as well, including Africa and China.
The Sacred Medical Order signed a Treaty with the Nation of Boriken, and its members are eligible to become nationals, and practitioners licensed to practice Indigneous Medicine. This course is a requirement of application.
10 clock hours
The Cross is ancient and older than Christianity.
The Cross Pattée (Patty) or Cross Formée (Formy) is the heraldic name of a common cross style, especially in 'medieval' art. The term pattée simply means the cross has splayed arm ends. It is the Cross of the Order.
- Msgr. Prof. [Dr. of Med.] Charles McWilliams: Allie Litterer
The historicity of Jesus is the question if Jesus of Nazareth can and should be regarded as a historical figure. Virtually all New Testament scholars and Near East historians, applying the standard criteria of historical-critical investigation, find that the historicity of Jesus is effectively certain, although they differ about the beliefs and teachings of Jesus as well as the accuracy of the details of his life that have been described in the gospels. While scholars have criticized Jesus scholarship for religious bias and lack of methodological soundness, with very few exceptions such critics generally do support the historicity of Jesus and reject the Christ myth theory that Jesus never existed. This course should be foundational for anyone who follows Christian religion and mysticism.
50 clock hours of fruitful study.