Traditional medicine (also known as indigenous or folk medicine) comprises medical aspects of traditional knowledge that developed over generations both ancient and contemporary within various societies before the renaissance and era of modern medicine.
We are the only online School dedicated to teaching all phases and aspects of Traditional & Indigeouns Medicines (TIM). We welcome traditional practitioners to enroll and upgrade their skills in 'scientific medicine,' while at the same time welcoming medical doctors to enroll to gain cultural appreciation if not new skills and knowledge in what traditional and indigenous medicines offer.
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines traditional medicine as "the sum total of the knowledge, skills, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures, whether explicable or not, used in the maintenance of health as well as in the prevention, diagnosis, improvement or treatment of physical and mental illness". Traditional medicine is contrasted with scientific medicine. We view these medicines as cultural heritages that should be preserved for posterity.
We are the only school presenting a comprehensive and historically valid theme and claim that the world has experienced three great medical traditions:
1. Shamanism (supernatural);
2. Humoral medicines (elemental);
3. Atomic (Biochemic, Modern Medicine)
In many Asian and African countries, up to 80% of the population relies on traditional medicine for their primary health care needs. When adopted outside its traditional culture, traditional medicine is often considered a form of alternative medicine. Practices known as traditional medicines include traditional European medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, traditional Korean medicine, Japanese Kampo (herbal medicine), traditional African medicine, Ayurveda, Siddha medicine, Unani, ancient Iranian Medicine, Iranian (Persian), Islamic medicine, Monastic (Christian) Medicine, Muti, and Ifá. Scientific disciplines which study traditional medicine include herbalism, ethnomedicine, ethnobotany, and medical anthropology.
The WHO notes, however, that "inappropriate use of traditional medicines or practices can have negative or dangerous effects" and that "further research is needed to ascertain the efficacy and safety" of several of the practices and medicinal plants used by traditional medicine systems. Ultimately, the World Health Organization has implemented a nine year strategy to "support Member States in developing proactive policies and implementing action plans that will strengthen the role traditional medicine plays in keeping populations healthy."
Indigenous rights are those rights that exist in recognition of the specific condition of the indigenous peoples. This includes not only the most basic human rights of physical survival and integrity, but also the preservation of their land, language, religion, and other elements of cultural heritage that are a part of their existence as a people. This can be used as an expression for advocacy of social organizations or form a part of the national law in establishing the relation between a government and the right of self-determination among the indigenous people living within the borders of Canada, or in international law as a protection against violation of indigenous rights by actions of governments or groups of private interests.
Resolution adopted by the
General Assembly on 13 September 2007 - United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Indigenous peoples have the right to their traditional medicines and to maintain their health practices, including the conservation of their vital medicinal plants, animals and minerals. Indigenous individuals also have the right to access, without any discrimination, to all social and health services.
Indigenous individuals have an equal right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable stan- dard of physical and mental health. States shall take the necessary steps with a view to achieving progressively the full realization of this right.
- teacher: Maria Popova