Humoral disease concepts did not die in renaissance medicine, they were eventually elucidated. There are many conditions caused by disturbance of the body's humors - blood clots, strokes, heart attacks, pulmonary emboli, and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) are prime and lethal examples. However, on the deep cellular level there are also noxious factors like silent (eicosanoid) inflammation, mesenchymal intoxication/infiltration of the ageing process, lymph stasis/oxygen starvation due to Ardenne's Cellular Wall Switching Mechanism, age related collagen abnormal cross-linking, and leaky-gut/delayed food allergies.

Humoralism, was our transitional system of medicine of the middle ages detailing the makeup and workings of the human body, adopted by Ancient Greek, Chinese, Indian, Arabic, Aztec, and Roman physicians and philosophers, positing that an excess or deficiency of any of the elements, the four distinct bodily fluids in a person—known as humors or humours; or a parallel dualistic imbalance of hot/cold, yin/yang, dry/moist, etc. —directly influences the temperament and health.

Humoralism laid the foundation for the prevailing, foundational, and pivotal concepts that underlie Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Graeco-Arabic, and miasmatic diseases, and the various schools of constitution and temperament both physical and psychological. The humoralist system of medicine became highly individualistic, for all patients were said to have their own unique humoral composition, constitution, and temperament. It provided a holistic approach to medicine as the link between mental, natural, and physical processes emphasized by this framework. Its roots were established from Astrology, descending from a global viewpoint as the Great Chain of Being. From Hippocrates onward, the humoral theory was adopted by Greek, Roman and Islamic physicians, and dominated the view of the human body among European and monastic physicians until at least the 16th century when it was first seriously challenged by Andreas Vesalius, the great anatomist. Its place was cast into the shadows of science in 1628 by the findings of William Harvey, but was revived by Samuel Hahnemann's Homeopathy which effectively and nearly eliminated (finally), the morbid practice of bloodletting advocated by Galen centuries prior. The concept has not been used in modern medicine since but has been extended into the schools of psychology, e.g. temperaments, and remains within TCM, Ayurveda, medical and psychological astrology, etc.

Humoralism was the deciding factor that liberated physicians from viewing disease as primarily due to the intrusion of spirits. Its opposite, Animism (from Latin anima, "breath, spirit, life"), is the religious (supernatural) belief that objects, places and creatures all possess a distinct spiritual essence and can invade a human or animal and cause disease. Potentially, animism perceives all things—animals, plants, rocks, rivers, weather systems, human handiwork and perhaps even words—as animated and alive. Although each culture has its own different mythologies and rituals, "animism" is said to describe the most common, foundational thread of indigenous peoples' "spiritual" or "supernatural" perspectives. This course will show that Humoralism was the deciding factor that liberated physicians to view disease as the outcome of 'natural causes', as opposed to 'supernatural causes,' and was the proto-science that preceded 'atomism' -  the concept of atoms that appeared in both ancient Greek and Indian philosophical traditions.

Although the connection to historical atomism is distal, it provided the path to discovery of elementary particles in the renaissance, and has become a modern analog of philosophical atoms that lay at the entire foundation of today's medicine beginning with chemistry and physics, and following with biochemistry, the basis of pharmacology.

The study of humoralism is very important for all students of natural and alternative medicines as this construct has heretofore never been adequately explained, leaving students in a myriad profound and complex theories with remotely relevant applications to clinical practice.

In this course, we show that Humoral Inflammation exists as part of the inflammatory responses involving the immune system, Virchow's triad, lymph stasis, GERD, and even inflammatory hormones, the eicosanoids - a class of compounds (such as the prostaglandins) derived from polyunsaturated fatty acids (such as arachidonic acid) and involved in cellular activity. The eicosandoids are responsible for an all pervasive silent inflammation as part of metabolic X syndrome, now a world pandemic.

25 Clock Hours