Indigenous Canadians (also known as Aboriginal Canadians, Native Canadians or First Peoples) are the Indigenous peoples within the boundaries of Canada. They comprise the First Nations, Inuit and Métis. Although "Indian" is a term still commonly used in legal documents, the descriptors "Indian" and "Eskimo" have fallen into disuse in Canada, and some consider them to be pejorative.
Métis (Canadian French, European French) people in Canada are specific cultural communities who trace their descent to First Nations and European settlers, primarily the French, in the early decades of the colonization of the Canada. Métis peoples are recognized as one of Canada's aboriginal peoples under the Constitution Act of 1982, along with First Nations and Inuit peoples. The characteristics of Canadian Indigenous culture included permanent settlements, agriculture, civic and ceremonial architecture, complex societal hierarchies, and trading networks. The Métis culture of mixed blood originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married Europeans, primarily the French. First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples of all backgrounds have become prominent figures and have served as role models in the Indigenous community and help to shape the Canadian cultural identity.
The Hospitaller colonization of the Americas occurred during a 14-year period in which the Knights Hospitaller (also known as the Knights) shaped Metis medical history in Canada early on. possessed four Caribbean islands: Saint Christopher, Saint Martin, Saint Barthélemy, and Saint Croix.The Knights' presence in the Caribbean grew out of their order's close relationship with the French nobility and the presence of many members in the Americas as French administrators.
Governor Poincy, a knight of st. john, was French, and he traveled to canada first to meet with the provincial government before departing to st. christopher to become governor.
In the 1600s, a group of Templar sympathizers arrived in Canada and founded the city of Montreal. One of Montreal’s earliest churches, Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours, had a classic Templar cross carved in the foundation stone, which was discovered in the crypt. Henry I Sinclair, Earl of Orkney, Lord of Roslin (c. 1345 – c. 1400) was a Scottish and a Norwegian nobleman. Sinclair held the title Earl of Orkney (which refers to Norðreyjar rather than just the islands of Orkney) under the King of Norway. He was sometimes identified by another spelling of his surname, St. Clair. One of the most common theories about Sinclair is that he was one of the first Europeans to visit Nova Scotia in a voyage pre-dating Columbus.
While the Canadian West and the North were still largely unsettled, the Métis took responsibility for their own health care and healing. Doctors were few and far between, thus people had to doctor themselves and procure their own native medicines while blending practices both native and European.