WESTERN SYSTEM of medicine—now the modern medicine, and derisively called by Homoeopaths as Allopathy, because, according to them, it treats diseases with the contrary rather than the similar drugs—has passed through different stages and different lands in order to come up to the level in which we find it now.

Its beginning can be traced back to the ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian medicine. Herodotus, the Greek historian of antiquity, wrote that the people of different lands including those of ancient Greece availed of the service of Egyptian physicians and surgeons.

By the fifth century B.C. Greece herself could boast of a flourishing medicine. Hippocrates, reverently called the ‘Father of Medicine’, freed it from the influence of the supernatural and assigned to its different aspects the natural explanations. He evolved the theory of the four humours, - blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile - to explain health and disease. The practice of medicine then had evolved to such a stage that a practitioner took the following oath formulated by Hippocrates himself.

I swear by Apollo the physician and Aesculapius, Hygcia and Panacea and all the gods and goddesses, making them my witnesses, that I will fulfill according to my ability and judgment, this oath and this covenant...

The next most eminent physician after Hippocrates was Galen. He again was of Greek stock but lived in the second century A.D. Galen was not only a good clinician, but also an experimenter and a physiologist who investigated the functions of different parts and organs of the body.

Galen is, however, remembered now not for what he rightly found but for what he wrongly propagated. He said that there are pores, small but ordinarily invisible, in the wall separating ventricles, the lower two chambers of the heart; through these pores, he said, blood lowed from the right side of the heart to the left side. For centuries afterward, this erroneous view was believed as a gospel truth.

In the middle Ages, the students were taught the anatomy that Galen had postulated over a thousand years back. The teacher of anatomy read Gaelic texts as the organs of dogs were demonstrated and while doing this, be skipped over the most important passages as being too difficult. “The Professor of anatomy never used a knife anywhere except at the dinner table.”

We are told that Nature has provided a "law of cure." Here is a vexed question for us to settle: What is this law of cure? The Allopaths say it is "contraria contrariis curantur"--contraries cure opposites. The Homeopaths proclaim "similia similibus curantur"--like cures similar. The Eclectics declare that the law exists in or consists in "Sanative" medication, and the Physio-Medicals believe that the law is fulfilled in the employment of "physiological" remedies: a body that cannot detoxify cannot heal!

This course examines the various modes of healing that have come down through the ages, providing the student with a comprehensive overview upon the arts about which to embark in this School.

The theme of this school is that humanity's medicine has gone through three major evolutions of medicine:
1. Shamanic,
2. Humoral, and
3. Atomic (biochemical/microscopic).